Chapter Five Constantine the Great
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT IS CONSIDERED BY PRESENT DAY CHRISTIANS TO BE THE INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN THE DARK PAGAN AND HERETICAL PAST AND THE ENLIGHTENED CIVILIZED CHRISTIAN ERA. THE RECEIVED HISTORY IS AWASH WITH MISCONCEPTIONS. ONE THING THAT IS TRUE IS THAT CONSTANTINE WAS WELL DISPOSED TOWARDS CHRISTIANS, AS HIS FATHER HAD BEEN.
In addition to being the person who first brought Christianity to Rome, Constantine was the chief priest of the state religion, Sol Invictus (the Invincible Sun) which involved sun worship, as Dan Brown relates in The Da Vinci Code.At that time there was another sun-worshiping cult that was popular in Rome -Mithraism. It also promoted a belief in the immortality of the soul, Judgment Day, and the resurrection of the dead. Both Sol Invictus and Mithraism, like Christianity, worshipped only one god. Sol Invictus had originated in Syria and had come to Rome about 100 years before. Constantine saw a perfect opportunity to blend the three together, achieving the political and religious unity that he saw as being vital to his own success. Conveniently, Sol Invictus, Mithraism and Christianity were similar enough from various points of view to become one.
Constantine lived in a time when political success resulted from religious piety, so despite his undoubted devotion to Christianity, there was a pragmatic reason for Constantine’s favoring the religion. The number of Christians in Rome was growing and Constantine looked upon them as good support in his struggle to keep the imperial throne from his rival and brother-in-law, Maxentius. When Constantine beat him at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, just outside Rome, in 312 AD, the problem was resolved. According to the fourth century bishop and historian Eusebius of Caesarea, Constantine had had a vision before the battle in which he had seen a luminous cross hanging in the sky with the legend In Hoc Signo Vinces, meaning “In this sign, conquer.” We are told that Constantine then ordered the Greek letter Chi Rho, which was the Christian monogram, to be displayed upon the shields of his troops. Because of this vision, his victory was seen to be a victory of Christianity over Paganism. Constantine thus became Emperor in the West and he ruled jointly with Licinius in the East. One of the first things he did was order that the nails from Christ’s crucifixion be brought to him and he had one of them attached to his crown. He met with Licinius shortly after his victory against Maxentius and in the “Edict of Milan” which resulted, they agreed that there should be toleration of Christians and that the property that had been confiscated from them would be restored. Constantine would go on to defeat Licinius and rename Byzantium “Constantinople,” the present day Istanbul in Turkey. By 313 he had donated the Lateran Palace to the Bishop of Rome, where a new cathedral was built, the Basilica Constantiniana, now S. Giovanni in Laterano.
From this point onwards, Christianity became acceptable. Contrary to tradition, Constantine chose an associate of his, Sylvester, to be the next Pope and the practice of Emperors selecting Popes was to continue. This also marked the end of the persecution of Christians. They could now live openly and worship freely. However, many felt an atmosphere of such opulence ran counter to the teachings of Christ and that the Church had been thrown badly off course. Some Christians therefore felt that Christianity had been sacrificed for the purpose of maintaining Constantine’s success. As if to validate their doubts, Constantine confirmed his sacred status by proclaiming that the Christian God was his sponsor. By bringing together Christianity, Sol Invictus, Mithraism and certain elements from Syria and Persia, Constantine had indeed created a universal (“catholic”) and hybrid religion.
The vision he had, in fact, took place in a Pagan temple and it was of the sun god, Sol Invictus. He had been accepted into the cult of Sol Invictus shortly before. After the victory at Milvan Bridge, the triumphal arch of Constantine was erected in Rome which states that the victory was won through the intervention of the Deity, referring not to the Christian god, but to Sol Invictus.
According to the historian Eusebius, the Desposyni, who were descendants of Jesus’ family, if not his actual descendants, sent a delegation to Pope Sylvester in 318 AD. They stated that various bishoprics should be given to them, that the Mother Church should be considered to be their own Desposyni Church in Jerusalem and that the Church of Rome should continue to make financial contributions to it. Pope Sylvester rejected their demands, saying that salvation was a matter for Constantine and not Jesus Christ. This rather frosty encounter seems to have been the last time that the former Nazarean tradition had any communication with the Church of Rome that was by then committed to following the Pauline tradition.
In 321 AD, Constantine declared that the law courts should no longer close on the Jewish Sabbath, but on the “venerable day of the sun” -Sunday. In this way, Christians changed their day of rest from Saturdays to Sundays and increased the distance between Judaism and Christianity. Additionally, the birth of Christ had been celebrated traditionally until this time on January 6. This date is still important in parts of Europe as “Kings’ Day.” However, Christianity adopted the Sol Invictus and Mithraic festival of December 25 instead as the traditional birth date of Jesus Christ. This festival celebrated the rebirth of the sun, the resulting lengthening of the days and the sun’s influence on the world. Therefore all sects celebrated together on the same day. Conveniently Mithraism also believed in other important tenets of Christian belief such as life after death and the immortality of the soul. It was now expedient for Jesus Christ to represent the Sol Invictus at the same time that Christian churches were being built. Statues of Sol Invictus were also created, bearing a resemblance to Constantine. By promoting himself, Constantine effectively demoted Jesus.
So that was Christmas dealt with. However it was not until the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD that the dating system of Easter was decided, by committee voting, to be the first Sunday after the first full moon following the northern vernal equinox (March 21). They could not agree on a specific date. The Christian festival replaced the old Pagan festival which went by the name of Eastre, the name of the goddess associated with spring, and who was also responsible for the origin of our word for the female hormone, estrogen.
The Council of Nicaea was the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church and met in ancient Nicaea, which is now Iznik in Turkey. Dan Brown ignores the main reason the Council was formed: to solve the heresy problem that had arisen because of the Arian belief in the Eastern Church that Christ was not divine, but a human being. The Council decided, again by a vote, that Jesus Christ was a god, not a man. This was of particular value to Constantine in his constant striving for unity, as Jesus Christ as a god could be associated directly with Sol Invictus. Under this new arrangement, Jesus Christ would be the mortal representative of Sol Invictus in case any awkward questions were asked. Pope Sylvester did not attend the Council, but sent representatives. Constantine himself exiled Arius, thereby emphasizing his prominence in ecclesiastical matters.
The Pauline Christians were still expecting the Second Coming of their Messiah and Constantine had to find a way to deal with this. Concentrating on the fact that Jesus Christ had failed in his mission to get the Romans out of Jerusalem, Constantine started to sow seeds of doubt that Christ had ever been the Messiah. He pointed out that it was Constantine and not Christ who had brought about the acceptance of Christians. Surely, therefore, it was he who was the Messiah? Christians who chose to hang on to the disproved idea that Jesus Christ was a Messiah were written off as heretics.
It has to be understood that Jesus, as a devout Jew, would have recoiled from the idea of creating a new religion separate from Judaism and regarded it as heresy. As we will see in Chapter Seven concerning the facts and fiction of Jesus Christ, there was a split in the Christian Church about 25 years after Christ’s death between James, the brother of Christ, and St. Paul.
In order to maintain this status quo, Constantine ordered the destruction of all works that contradicted this new religion, including all writings about Jesus Christ by Pagan writers and even Christian writers who lacked the “foresight” of how history was to be rewritten. This was conducted with efficient zeal with nearly all Christian documents, especially those in Rome, disappearing to make way for their replaceme11ts. In 331 AD, Constantine seized the opportunity of conducting this whitewashing of history and ordered new versions of the New Testament to be written. The writers were free to say whatever their Christian masters thought appropriate.
What this means is the New Testament that we have today was rewritten in the fourth century with a political spin that was desirable for Constantine at the time. It is as if a US President had Shakespeare rewritten to fit in with his political agenda.
Constantine went further than this. The awaiting of the Messiah was a major part of Judaic religious tradition and the deification of monarchs has also appeared in other civilizations such as Egyptian and Roman. This person would have healing powers and correct the ills of the world. This applies, of course, not only to our received reputation of Christ, but also that of the Merovingians. For Constantine, however, the Christian god was no more than another perspective on the familiar Sol Invictus. The role he saw for himself was that of Messiah. He considered that Christ had attempted -and failed -to be what was expected of him: a person who was warrior, spiritual leader, and a unifier of politics, religion and territory. In other words, someone like Constantine himself. And he considered that he could do the job a lot better.
Surprisingly, the Roman Church did not object to this perception. Perhaps it was aware of the fact that his mother, Helena, the British Princess Elaine of Camulod, the daughter of King Coel ll, was of Arimathean descent and therefore of genuine Grail extraction. Constantine could therefore justify his elevated position through the Merovingian bloodline. The church was also ready to acknowledge that the purpose of a Messiah was not to be that of a benign humanitarian savior, but a forceful, strong, militant leader. From this point onwards, the founder of Christianity as we know it is not Jesus Christ of the first century, but Constantine the Great of the fourth. Eusebius was also convinced of Constantine’s quasi-divinity and his additional belief that he was effectively the thirteenth apostle.
However, this smokescreen is as nothing compared to the Donation of Constantine and the effects and repercussions that it has had on all of us in the western world, Christian or not, since its “discovery.”
Constantine was not baptized as a Christian until he was dying in 337. He wanted to be baptized in the river Jordan but circumstances did not allow this. For the baptism he took off his purple imperial robes and wore the white garments of the neophyte.
The Donation of Constantine
Once Constantine was made Holy Roman Emperor, he clearly had the world at his feet, in every sense of the word. A document appeared in the eighth century called the Donation of Constantine. This meant it was supposedly four hundred years before it was found. Considering its implications, it is odd that it was not found sooner. Its purpose was to confirm that the Popes were God’s representatives on earth. But that was not all.
The Roman Church claimed that it had been written in the fourth century, presumably before Constantine’s death in 3 3 7 AD, as a result of the gratitude that Emperor Constantine the Great had to Pope Sylvester for curing him of leprosy. In recognition and acknowledgement of his thanks, he transferred the entire power of the Holy Roman Empire to the Church. This included the right to select and deselect monarchs.
The Roman Church set to work immediately, implementing it in 751 AD when they made Pepin the First King of France. This is when the Merovingian kings were first deposed by the Church and replaced by their servants, the Mayors of the Palace. The Church offered to support the ensuing Roman Catholic puppet monarchs, the Carolingians. There can be little doubt that the Merovingians would have been suspicious of this document. After all, Constantine was of the same blood as them and they could only marvel at his idiocy at having signed away their centuries of birthright. We are also expected.to believe that Constantine signed away all his robes and royal regalia, but the Pope, being a gentleman, refused to accept them.
This was the Church’s way of usurping the rightful Royal bloodline for itself. From the public’s point of view, the rights were Constantine’s to give as he saw fit.
From that time the Church of Rome has risen with meteoric force. Every European monarch has been in power as a result of coronations conducted by the Church’s representatives. All laws in monarchies that have been passed by their governments have existed by virtue of this document. The Church’s power was therefore absolute.
The problem was, however, that the Donation of Constantine was a fraud and the Church has never legitimately had the power to wield such rights. This is a known fact since Lorenzo Valla tested its authenticity during the Renaissance. He found that the New Testament wording in the references that appear in the Donation came from the Vulgate version of the Bible and had not existed before. This version had been compiled by St. Jerome, who was not born until about twenty years after Constantine was supposed to have signed the Donation.
Furthermore, the Latin in which it is written, Pig Latin, was not in use until the eighth century. The Latin that was used in the fourth century was classical. Also the ceremonies that are mentioned in the Donation did not exist in Constantine’s day. However, this has not stopped arguably the biggest fraud in history, the Donation, being used to this very day!
The Church wasted no opportunity to assert its authority in the Middle Ages on the back of this lie. A letter from Pope Gregory IX to Emperor Frederick II entitled “Si Memoriurn Beneficiorum,” dated October 23, 1236, says:
… . that as the Vicar of the Prince of Apostles (the Roman Pope) governed the empire of priesthood and of souls in the whole world so he should also reign over things and bodies throughout the whole world; and considering that he should rule over earthly matters by the reins of justice to whom -as it is known -God had committed on earth the charge over spiritual things. The Emperor Constantine humbled himself by his own vow m~d handed over the empire to the perpetual care of the Roman Pontiff with the Imperial Insignia and scepters and the City and Duchy of Rome …
In Britain, through application of the Donation, coronations have been performed, wrongly, by Archbishops of the Church of England. When Henry VIII split from the Roman Catholic church because of his marriage requirement, he retained the right of Archbishops to create monarchs through coronation and thereby perpetuated the fraud through every British monarch since. Of course, he should not have been there in the first place anyway. As we know from the parentage of Edward IV covered in Chapter Three regarding the Bloodline, no Tudor should have even glimpsed the throne.
If we take the matter to its logical conclusion, the implications of this fraud are enormous: All laws that have been passed in Britain and ratified by monarchs who have been wrongly crowned by Archbishops as a result of the Donation of Constantine are invalid.